### 3.1–3.2 Quiz

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• 1. Convictions

The set diagram shows the offenses of the convicted inmates at a prison. How many of the inmates were convicted of drug offenses?

• Worked-Out Solution

The total number of inmates convicted of drug offenses is

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``` _    _     _____    __   _     ______   __   _
| || | ||  |  ___|| | || | ||  /_   _// | || | ||
| || | ||  | ||__   | '--' ||   -| ||-  | '--' ||
| \\_/ ||  | ||__   | .--. ||   _| ||_  | .--. ||
\____//   |_____|| |_|| |_||  /_____// |_|| |_||
`---`    `-----`  `-`  `-`   `-----`  `-`  `-`

```
• 2. Convictions

The set diagram shows the offenses of the convicted inmates at a prison. How many of the inmates were convicted of weapons offenses and "other" offenses?

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```  _____      ___      _____     _____     ____
/ ____||   / _ \\   / ____||  |  ___||  |  _ \\
/ //---`'  / //\ \\ / //---`'  | ||__    | |_| ||
\ \\___   |  ___  ||\ \\___    | ||__    | .  //
\_____|| |_||  |_|| \_____||  |_____||  |_|\_\\
`----`  `-`   `-`   `----`   `-----`   `-` --`

```
• 3. Convictions

The set diagram shows the offenses of the convicted inmates at a prison.

How many of the inmates were convicted of drug offenses or weapons offenses?

• Worked-Out Solution

The total number of inmates convicted of drug offenses or weapons offenses is

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``` ______    _    _     _  _    _    _     ______
|      \\ | || | ||  | \| || | || | ||  /_   _//
|  --  // | || | ||  |  ' || | || | ||    | ||
|  --  \\ | \\_/ ||  | .  || | \\_/ ||   _| ||
|______//  \____//   |_|\_||  \____//   /__//
`------`    `---`    `-` -`    `---`    `--`

```
• 4. Federal Inmates

There are 209,770 inmates in the U.S. federal prison system. The inmates are classified as citizens of the United States, Mexico, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, or other. How many federal inmates are citizens of the United States?

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``` __   _     _____    _    _    _    _    _    _
| || | ||  |  ___|| | \  / || | || | || | || | ||
| '--' ||  | ||__   |  \/  || | || | || | || | ||
| .--. ||  | ||__   | .  . || | \\_/ || | \\_/ ||
|_|| |_||  |_____|| |_|\/|_||  \____//   \____//
`-`  `-`   `-----`  `-`  `-`    `---`     `---`

```
• 5. Rights of Accused

Use a set diagram to analyze the statement about crime.

All defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty.

• Worked-Out Solution

This commonly quoted statement is derived from the 5th Amendment to the United States Constitution.

"No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."

Here is one way to use a set diagram to analyze the statement.

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```  _____      ___      _____     _____    _    _
|__  //    / _ \\   / ____||  |  ___|| | || | ||
/ //    | / \ || / //---`'  | ||__   | || | ||
/ //__   | \_/ || \ \\___    | ||__   | \\_/ ||
/_____||   \___//   \_____||  |_____||  \____//
`-----`    `---`     `----`   `-----`    `---`

```
• 6. Rights of Accused

Use a set diagram to analyze the statement about crime.

Some people have been convicted of crimes they did not commit.

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```   _____    ______             __   __
/ ___//  /_   _//     ___    \ \\/ //   ____
\___ \\   -| ||-     /   ||   \ ` //   |    \\
/    //   _| ||_    | [] ||    | ||    | [] ||
/____//   /_____//    \__ ||    |_||    |  __//
`-----`    `-----`      -|_||    `-`'    |_|`-`
`-`             `-`
```
• 7. Habeas Corpus

Use a set diagram to analyze the statement about crime.

Habeas corpus is a safeguard of individual freedom stating that no person can be jailed without being charged with a crime.

• Worked-Out Solution

Here is one way to use a set diagram to analyze the statement.

Here is another way to use a set diagram to analyze the statement.

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```  _____      ___     __   __   _    _     _____
/ ____||   / _ \\   \ \\/ // | || | ||  / ____||
/ //---`'  / //\ \\   \   //  | || | || / //---`'
\ \\___   |  ___  ||  / . \\  | \\_/ || \ \\___
\_____|| |_||  |_|| /_//\_\\  \____//   \_____||
`----`  `-`   `-`  `-`  --`   `---`     `----`

```
• 8. Sixth Amendment

Part of the Sixth Amendment states, "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial." Use a set diagram to visualize the negation of this amendment.

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``` _    _      ___      ______     ___      _____